Tue, 23 Apr 2019

Weisberg in his Moscow studio, 1972

Igor Palmin/IN ARTIBUS Foundation Today his paintings adorn museum collections worldwide, yet there was a time when he worked part-time in art studios and spent hours admiring the works of Cezanne.

Every Thursday, the young, slightly nervy (as contemporaries recall) Vladimir Weisberg walked and creaked his way around the parquet floors of Moscow's art galleries. He was not accepted into art school, so he studied drawing on his own here and there, just like his hero Cezanne, in fact.

Vladimir Weisberg. Bush. 1947

Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts

Inspired by the works of others and having dabbled with different styles, he came to develop his own, thereby becoming one of the most prominent practitioners of Soviet "unofficial art."

From the madhouse to the easel

Weisberg's youth was tumultuous: at the height of the Spanish Civil War, he attempted to flee the USSR for Spain to fight for the leftist Republicans against Franco. However, he was seized at Odessa Port whilst trying to board a ship, and sent straight to a psychiatric hospital in Moscow.

Vladimir Weisberg. Student. 1956

Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts

His appetite for war unslaked, he was desperate for frontline action when World War II broke out. However, in the words of his friend, artist Valentin Vorobyev: "This unbalanced young man was declared unfit for war and sent to dig anti-tank ditches." There, Weisberg was again out of luck. During a bombing raid, he suffered concussion, his mental state worsened, and he was again sent to the hospital.

Vladimir Weisberg. Family. 1958

Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts

In 1942, the "emaciated and depressed young man" (Vorobyov's words again) signed up for drawing classes, which continued during the war: "...a dozen fanatics of all ages stiff from the cold [...] shaded objects made of plaster."

Carving a path

After the war, Weisberg tried to enroll at the Surikov Art Institute in Moscow, but was met with rejection. He faced many long years of wandering around the studios of Moscow's unofficial artists. He studied art technique all by himself and looked on his work with the eye of a critic.

Vladimir Weisberg. Composition with gauze. 1968

Collection of Inna Bazhenova

He would sit for hours on end in front of a composition until dizziness set in. Literally every millimeter mattered to him. During one such session, he decided that color was an interference and "physiologically disgusting." So he did away with it in some works, giving rise to his trademark "white on white"-nothing superfluous, just a celebration of hazy silhouettes and space.

Vladimir Weisberg. Venus and Geometry. 1976

Collection of Inna Bazhenova

Unfortunately for him, some works demanded color. "Inside me there's a sense of truth. I can't do color. It's an eternal struggle," he said in an interview with art historian Ksenia Muratova.

Vladimir Weisberg. Sitting nude. 1960

Collection of Inna Bazhenova

In 1963, critics and experts haughtily dismissed the first "white on white" as a rip-off of Italian artist Giorgio Morandi. But Weisberg most likely never even laid eyes on a work by Morandi. "The whole of Moscow rushed to see the new 'white' Weisberg," wrote Vorobyev.

Worldwide fame

A master of "unofficial" art who never painted in the style of social realism with its smiling collective farmers and pumped-up workers, by the late 1960s Weisberg had nevertheless become a member of the Union of Artists of the USSR-a badge that at least allowed him to eke out a living from state commissions. On top of that, despite never receiving a formal art education, he began to teach painting.

Vladimir Weisberg. Black vase. 1976

Collection of Inna Bazhenova

The self-taught artist's first individual exhibition took place not in his native Moscow, but in distant Paris. Alas, Weisberg was not there to witness his own triumph: the year was 1984, and going abroad was fraught with difficulties and KGB interviews. Vorobyov writes that Weisberg was wary of being probed too closely by the authorities.

Vladimir Weisberg. Cubes and cylinders. 1977

Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts

Only in 1988 did the USSR stage his first solo exhibition, but once again the artist was not there to see it. According to Vorobyov, on the day he passed away, January 1, 1985, Moscow was covered by a layer of deep white snow.

Vladimir Weisberg. Composition with six cubes. 1976

Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts

Read more: 10 of the most famous paintings every Russian knows

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